On 14 November 2018, after a five-hour cabinet meeting, Prime Minister May announced that her cabinet had approved a draft withdrawal agreement with the EU. [27] [29] [30] On the same day, the Government issued an opinion on the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and stated that negotiations on future relations between the United Kingdom and the EU were under way and that the (binding) withdrawal agreement would not be signed without a (non-binding) political declaration on future relations. , “on the basis that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed.” [31] Both the UK and the EU agreed that opening the border and respecting the terms of the Good Friday Agreement were essential in negotiations on a post-Brexit deal. That is why they have committed themselves to the principle that, even if future trade negotiations fail, there should be provisions to ensure that the border remains as open as it is today. This principle is the Irish backstop. In entering into a contract of engagement, the associated organization has assumed full responsibility for the number of shares indicated when they are not sold initially and promises to make the associated capital available in exchange for the available shares. On 13 November 2018, a modest speech was presented in the House of Commons calling for the release of legal advice given to the government on the proposed EU withdrawal agreement. The government`s response was presented to Parliament on December 3 by Attorney General Geoffrey Cox. However, the next day it was considered incomplete by MPs, which resulted in a vote in which, for the first time in history, the UK government failed to respect Parliament.

[67] In July 2019, Theresa May resigned and Boris Johnson became Prime Minister, boris Johnson saying he wanted to replace the Irish backstop as part of the withdrawal agreement. [76] On 19 August, in a letter to the President of the European Council, the Prime Minister declared that the agreement was “undemocratic and incompatible with the sovereignty of the United Kingdom”. [77] He stressed that this was “not compatible with the UK`s desired end goal” for its relations with the EU. Its third reason for the unsurability of the backstop is that it “weakens” the Good Friday Agreement and the peace process in Northern Ireland. Tusk said opponents of the deal, without “realistic alternatives,” supported the re-establishment of a hard border on the island of Ireland. That`s the reality, “even if they don`t admit it,” he added. “The backstop is an insurance to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland, unless an alternative is found,” Tusk tweeted. [78] The Irish Government considered that “the real objective of the backstop was to maintain the status quo by guaranteeing freedom of movement and not a hard border on the island of Ireland; which is of paramount importance to the GFA.