The 1993 Arusha Agreement contained several provisions relating to military reform, including the composition of the armed forces. Under the agreement, government forces are expected to account for 60% of the new force and the RPF 40%. The proposed army would be 13,000 strong. After the 1994 genocide, most members of the Rwandan army fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo. The victorious Rwandan Patriotic Front rebel group became the Rwandan armed forces on 19 July 1994. This was formally institutionalized by Law 19/2002 of 17.05.2 The N`sele ceasefire agreement of 12 July 1992 did not lead to a cessation of hostilities. The two sides continued their fighting.1 The ceasefire agreement contained a provision for a 50-member neutral military observer group (NMOG-I) set up by the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The observers were sent from Egypt, Nigeria, Zimbabwe and were deployed until the first week of August 1992 (2) with regard to the ceasefire in which the agreed ceasefire is expected to enter into force “on 3 July 1, 1992 at midnight (Rwandan period) ” and agreed to “conclude the implementation of the mechanisms and conclusions agreed in accordance with the peace agreement, no later than 10 January 1993”. Document 33 Date: November 26, 1993 By: U.S. Embassy in Kigali An: U.S.

Secretary of State Subj: UNAMIR Sidesteps Naming Culprit in Ruhengeri Incident; Reconciliation Parties Source: State Department Electronic Reading Room The U.S. Embassy in Rwanda writes to the Secretary of State about concerns about the transition to peace, particularly tensions around the demobilization process. Ambassador Rawson writes that “at the registered level, many equate multiparty and transitional government with their imminent demobilization, as most of the demobilized soldiers come from the ranks of enlisted soldiers. Their biggest concerns are adequate training and compensation as soon as they leave the military.┬áThe document also describes the deadlock during the political part of the negotiations, in part because of disagreements over whether to leave the political party CDR (Coalition for the Defense of the Republic) in the transitional government, and also clarifies the RPF`s alliances with other parties. Participants decided to pause political discussions and discuss power-sharing and military integration. The Rwandan armed forces are now integrated and reformed armed forces. However, it did not meet the target of 13,000 people, as agreed in the 1993 Arusha Agreement. The delegations signed the minutes on 3 August 1993, President Habyarimana and RPF President Alexis Kanyarengwe signed the following day. following the peace talks that took place from 10 July 1992 to 24 June 1993 in Arusha (United Republic of Tanzania) under the auspices of the facilitator, His Excellency Ali Hassan MWINYI, took place in Arusha (United Republic of Tanzania), President of the United Republic of Tanzania, in the presence of the Ombudsman`s representative, His Excellency, MOBUTU SESE SEKO, President of the Republic of Zaire, as well as the representative of the current Presidents of the OAU, S. Abdou DIOUF, President of the Republic of Senegal, and Hosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Secretary General of the OAU, Mr. Boutros Boutros GHALI and observer of the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, Burundi, Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe; Elections to the National Assembly were held on 29 September 2003; the RPF won 40 seats, PSD seven and PL six. The total number of seats in the National Assembly was only 53.1 This effectively ended the division of power in the transitional government established by the 1993 Arusha Agreement.